The resort town of Byron Bay sits among heath lands and coastal forest on what was an ancient volcano caldera. In the 19th century, the first industry in the area was logging of the red cedar that grew profusely in the rich volcanic soils and after a short stint of gold mining along the beaches, farming and fishing became the mainstays.
The original rich vegetation can be seen in the local subtropical rainforests, such as in the Nightcap National Park and its Minyon Falls which are within easy reach of the town.
The towns attracts an enormous number of people to artistic events that occur each year including the East Coast International Blues & Roots Music Festival – Bluesfest, Falls Festival (music, dance , theatre and more) each new Years Eve, the Splendor In The Grass – winter music festival in late July, early August and several more.
The beautiful beaches are a main feature of the region and are both popular for surfing and with the relatively warm waters, scuba diving. Whale watching is also very popular and tours operate from the township.
Main Beach at the town is patrolled during summer and holiday months as is the Pass Beach near the Cape Byron headland.