A welcome respite from the city bustle that occurs just beyond its borders, the park has been a place for the people of Sydney going right back to the original settlement there. Over the 200 or years or so since, the park has been used for many things including horse racing, cricket and rugby matches and boxing tournaments and is the oldest public parkland in Australia.
The park sits in the middle of many of the historical buildings from the first colony and is adjacent to The Domain.
The centerpiece of the park is the Archibald Fountain. The fountain was designed in France and donated in 1932 as part of the park by the publisher J F Archibald, honoring the contribution of Australian forces in World War I in France.
The park was completely redesigned and put there much as it is now in 1926, with some of the major monuments such as the fountain and war memorial included within the following decade.