New South Wales
The state of New South Wales consists of just over 800,000 square kilometers on Australia’s east coast, sitting between Queensland to the north and the border of the Murray River, with Victoria to the South.
The state has the largest population in Australia at around 7.8 million with most of these persons living in the coastal Greater Sydney area. The Greater Sydney area was also the first point of European contact, with the explorer James Cook landing there in 1770 and then a penal colony established in 1788. It was the first and major point of administration for British colonization of the far South Pacific, in fact.
The state comprises a narrow beautiful coastline that meets with the spectacular mountains and plateaus of the Great Dividing Range. Over the range is the western slopes consisting of fertile farming lands before meeting the arid outback of the western plains.